Geography

The Curriculum Co-Ordinator for Geography is Mr Blackburn

Geography is an important part of our curriculum and school follows the National Curriculum Programmes of Study as well as the Lancashire Programme of Study. In Geography we ensure that we are covering a range of key geographical skills in each topic: Locational Knowledge, Place Knowledge, Human and Physical Geography and Geographical Skills and Fieldwork. Each topic we study in Geography has a clear link to the National Curriculum. Geography is studied each term in every class in school.

 

Geography

 

 

YEAR GROUP

AUTUMN

SPRING

SUMMER

 

 

EYFS

 

 

The World

 

Ask questions about and explore the local environment.

 

Consider how different environments may have similarities and differences.

The World

 

Understand that the environment can be influenced by human activity.

 

Describe actions that people take in their community to preserve the environment.

 

Technology

 

Researching and observing different locations and places through the use of a range of technology.

 

Observe growth, decay and changes over time.

 

 

 

YEAR 1

 

 

Our Country

 

Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the UK and its surrounding seas.

 

Physical geography: ocean, river, sea.

Human geography: city, town village.

The Weather

 

Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.

 

Physical geography: seasons and weather.

 

Our School

 

Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human/physical features of surrounding environment.

 

 

Human geography: shop, house, factory, village, town, city, office.

Physical geography: hill.

 

 

 

 

YEAR 2

 

 

Mapping

 

Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.

 

Use simple compass directions and locational and directional language to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

 

Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage.

China

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.

 

Physical geography: soil, valley, vegetation, forest, mountain, hill

Human geography: farm

 

The Seaside

 

Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key.

 

Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage.

 

Human geography: port, harbour, shop.

Physical geography: beach, cliff, coast, river, sea.

 

 

 

YEAR 3

Land Use in the UK

 

Human geography: land use.

 

Use fieldwork to observe, measure record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

 

Africa

 

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the UK and an African country.

Extreme Earth

 

Physical geography: volcanoes and earthquakes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

YEAR 4

 

 

Settlements

 

Human geography: types of settlement.

 

Use fieldwork to observe, measure record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

 

The Water Cycle

 

Physical geography: water cycle and rivers.

Human geography: water and minerals.

 

All Around The World

 

Identify the position and significance of the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones.

 

Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere.

 

Physical geography: biomes, climate zones and vegetation belts.

 

 

 

 

YEAR 5

Mapping

 

Locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Western Europe concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities.

 

Name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics.

 

Use the 8 points of a compass, 4- and 6-figure grid references, symbols and key to build their knowledge of the UK and the wider world.

Enough For Everyone

 

Human geography: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water.

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom and a region in North or South America.

Mountains

 

Focus on key topographical features, such as hills and mountains and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

 

Physical geography: Mountains.

 

 

 

 

YEAR 6

 

 

The Americas

 

Locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities.

 

Physical geography: climate zones.

 

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.

 

Eastern Europe

 

Locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Eastern Europe, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities.

 

Physical geography: climate zones.

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the UK and a region in Eastern Europe.

The Changing World

 

Consider key topographical features, such as coasts and rivers, and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

 

Physical geography: biomes, climate zones and vegetation belts.

 

 

To view our School Geography Gallery please click the link below

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